Since 2003, researchers at the Centre for Biodiversity Genomics have published 500+ papers on DNA barcoding. Current publications are listed here in alphabetical order. For publications before 2016, click here.

2020 (2 Publications)

Levesque-Beaudin V, Mlynarek JJ (2020) Revision of Nearctic Paramyia Williston (Diptera: Milichiidae). Zootaxa 4732 (1): 001–056 (PDF)

Pentinsaari M, Blagoev GA, Hogg ID, Levesque-Beaudin V, Perez K, Sobel CN, Vandenbrink B, Borisenko A (2020) A DNA barcoding survey of an Arctic arthropod community: Implications for future monitoring. Insects 11 (1): 46. (PDF)

2019 (47 Publications)

Adamowicz S, Boatwright J, Chain F, Fisher B, Hogg I, Leese F, Lijtmaer D, Mwale M, Naaum A, Pochon X, Steinke D, Wilson J-J, Wood S, Xu J, Xu S, Zhou X, van der Bank M (2019) Trends in DNA barcoding and metabarcoding. Genome 62:v–viii. doi:10.1139/gen-2019-0054. (PDF)

Ashfaq M, Blagoev G, Tahir H, Khan A, Mukhtar M, Akhtar S, Butt A, Mansoor S, Hebert PDN (2019) Assembling a DNA barcode reference library for the spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Pakistan. Plos One 14:e0217086. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0217086. (PDF)

Bennett R, Blagoev G, Copley C (2019) Araneae of Canada. Zookeys 819:41–56. doi:10.3897/zookeys.819.26391. (PDF)

Blackman R, Mächler E, Altermatt F, Arnold A, Beja P, Boets P, Egeter B, Elbrecht V, Filipe A, Jones J, Macher J, Majaneva M, Martins F, Múrria C, Meissner K, Pawlowski J, Yáñez P, Zizka V, Leese F, Price B, Deiner K (2019) Advancing the use of molecular methods for routine freshwater macroinvertebrate biomonitoring – the need for calibration experiments. Metabarcoding Metagenomics 3:e34735. doi:10.3897/mbmg.3.34735. (PDF)

Bowden J, Knysh K, Blagoev G, Bennett R, Arsenault M, Harding C, Harding R, Curley R (2019) The spiders of Prince Edward Island: experts and citizen scientists collaborate for faunistics. Can Field-naturalist 132:330–349. doi:10.22621/cfn.v132i4.2017.

Braukmann T, Ivanova N, Prosser S, Elbrecht V, Steinke D, Ratnasingham S, de Waard J, Sones J, Zakharov E, Hebert PDN (2019) Metabarcoding a diverse arthropod mock community. Mol Ecol Resour 19:711–727. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13008. (PDF)

Bush A, Compson Z, Monk W, Porter T, Steeves R, Emilson E, Gagne N, Hajibabaei M, Roy M, Baird D (2019) Studying ecosystems with DNA metabarcoding: lessons from aquatic biomonitoring. Biorxiv:578591. doi:10.1101/578591. (PDF)

Carolina Arias-Penna D, Whitfield JB, Janzen DH, Hallwachs W, Dyer LA, Smith MA, Hebert PDN, Fernández-Triana JL (2019) A species-level taxonomic review and host associations of Glyptapanteles (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with an emphasis on 136 new reared species from Costa Rica and Ecuador. ZooKeys 890: 1-685. (PDF)

Čkrkić J, Petrović A, Kocić K, Ye Z, Vollhardt I, Hebert PDN, Traugott M, Tomanović Ž (2019) Hidden in plain sight: phylogeography of an overlooked parasitoid species Trioxys sunnysidensis Fulbright & Pike (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae). Agric For Entomol 21:299–308. doi:10.1111/afe.12332. (PDF)

Čkrkić J, Petrović A, Kocić K, Kavallieratos NG, Hebert PDN, Tomanović Ž (2019) Review of the world Monoctonina Mackauer 1961 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae): key for their identification and descriptions of five new species. Zootaxa. (PDF)

Clare E, Fazekas A, Ivanova N, Floyd R, Hebert PDN, Adams A, Nagel J, Girton R, Newmaster S, Fenton B (2019) Approaches to integrating genetic data into ecological networks. Mol Ecol 28:503–519. doi:10.1111/mec.14941. (PDF)

Compson Z, Monk W, Hayden B, Bush A, O’Malley Z, Hajibabaei M, Porter T, Wright M, Baker C, Manir M, Curry A, Baird D (2019) Network-based biomonitoring: exploring freshwater food webs with stable isotope analysis and DNA metabarcoding. Frontiers Ecol Evol 7:395. doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00395. (PDF)

deWaard JR, Ratnasingham S, Zakharov EV, Borisenko AV, Steinke D, Telfer AC, Perez KHJ, Sones JE, Young MR, Levesque-Beaudin V, Sobel CN, …  Hebert PDN (2019) A reference library for the identification of Canadian invertebrates: 1.5 million DNA barcodes, voucher specimens, and genomic samples. Scientific Data 6: 308. (PDF)

Elbrecht V, Braukmann T, Ivanova N, Prosser S, Hajibabaei M, Wright M, Zakharov E, Hebert PDN, Steinke D (2019) Validation of COI metabarcoding primers for terrestrial arthropods. Peerj Prepr 7:e27801v2. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27801v2. (PDF)

Elbrecht V, Steinke D (2019) Scaling up DNA metabarcoding for freshwater macrozoobenthos monitoring. Freshwater Biol 64:380–387. doi:10.1111/fwb.13220. (PDF)

Elbrecht V, Braukmann T, Ivanova N, Prosser S, Hajibabaei M, Wright M, Zakharov E, Hebert PDN, Steinke D (2019) Validation of COI metabarcoding primers for terrestrial arthropods. Peerj Prepr 7:e27801v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27801v1. (PDF)

Erdozain M, Thompson D, Porter T, Kidd K, Kreutzweiser D, Sibley P, Swystun T, Chartrand D, Hajibabaei M (2019) Metabarcoding of storage ethanol vs. conventional morphometric identification in relation to the use of stream macroinvertebrates as ecological indicators in forest management. Ecol Indic 101:173–184. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.01.014. (PDF)

Gauthier M, Konecny L, Nguyen A, Elbrecht V, Datry T, Douady C, Lefebure T (2019) Enhancing DNA metabarcoding performance and applicability with bait capture enrichment and DNA from conservative ethanol. Biorxiv:580464. doi:10.1101/580464. (PDF)

Geremy-Depatureaux A, Rouleau D, Thivierge K, Cecan A, Levesque-Beaudin V, Libman M, Giroux M, Luong M-L (2019) Urinary myiasis: not your typical urinary tract infection. J Travel Med 26. doi:10.1093/jtm/taz081. (PDF)

Gill B, Musili P, Kurukura S, Hassan A, Goheen J, Kress J, Kuzmina M, Pringle R, Kartzinel T (2019) Plant DNA‐barcode library and community phylogeny for a semi‐arid East African savanna. Mol Ecol Resour 19:838–846. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13001. (PDF)

Hajibabaei M, Porter T, Robinson C, Baird D, Shokralla S, Wright M (2019) Watered-down biodiversity? A comparison of metabarcoding results from DNA extracted from matched water and bulk tissue biomonitoring samples. Biorxiv:575928. doi:10.1101/575928. (PDF)

Hajibabaei M, Porter T, Wright M, Rudar J (2019) COI metabarcoding primer choice affects richness and recovery of indicator taxa in freshwater systems. Biorxiv:572628. doi:10.1101/572628. (PDF)

Hempel C, Peinert B, Beermann A, Elbrecht V, Macher J-N, Macher T-H, Jacobs G, Leese F (2019) Using environmental DNA to monitor the reintroduction success of the Rhine sculpin (Cottus rhenanus) in a restored stream. Peerj Prepr 7:e27574v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27574v1. (PDF)

Hobern D, Hebert PDN (2019) BIOSCAN – Revealing Eukaryote Diversity, Dynamics, and Interactions. Biodivers Information Sci Stand 3:e37333. doi:10.3897/biss.3.37333. (PDF)

Hu GLHua YHebert PDNHua BZ (2019) Evolutionary history of the scorpionfly Dicerapanorpa magna (Mecoptera, Panorpidae)Zool Scr4893– 105. (PDF)

Hu GL, Gao K, Wang JS, Hebert PDN, Hua BZ (2019) Molecular phylogeny and species delimitation of the genus Dicerapanorpa (Mecoptera: Panorpidae). Zool J Linn Soc-lond. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz059. (PDF)

Huemer P, Wieser C, Stark W, Hebert PDN, Wiesmair B, Wiesmair B (2019) DNA barcode library of megadiverse Austrian Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) – a nearly perfect match of Linnean taxonomy. Biodivers Data J 7:e37734. doi:10.3897/BDJ.7.e37734. (PDF)

Lafage D, Elbrecht V, Cuff J, Steinke D, Hambäck P, Erlandsson A (2019) A new primer for metabarcoding of spider gut contents. Peerj Prepr 7:e27854v1. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27854v1. (PDF)

Mazumdar S, Hebert PDN, Bhuiya BA, Miah MI (2019) Parasitic Hymenoptera recovered by DNA barcoding of Malaise trap collection at the Chittagong University Campus, Bangladesh. American Journal of BioScience 7(6):94–98. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20190706.12 (PDF)

McGee K, Robinson C, Hajibabaei M (2019) Gaps in DNA-Based Biomonitoring Across the Globe. Frontiers Ecol Evol 7:337. doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00337. (PDF)

McGee K, Eaton W, Shokralla S, Hajibabaei M (2019) Determinants of Soil Bacterial and Fungal Community Composition Toward Carbon-Use Efficiency Across Primary and Secondary Forests in a Costa Rican Conservation Area. Microbial Ecol 77:148–167. doi:10.1007/s00248-018-1206-0. (PDF)

Meierotto S, Sharkey M, Janzen D, Hallwachs W, Hebert PDN, Chapman E, Smith M, Sharkey M, Smith M (2019) A revolutionary protocol to describe understudied hyperdiverse taxa and overcome the taxonomic impediment. Deut Entomol Z 66:119–145. doi:10.3897/dez.66.34683. (PDF)

Morinière J, Balke M, Doczkal D, Geiger M, Hardulak L, Haszprunar G, Hausmann A, Hendrich L, Regalado L, Rulik B, Schmidt S, Wägele J, Hebert PDN (2019) A DNA barcode library for 5,200 German flies and midges (Insecta: Diptera) and its implications for metabarcoding‐based biomonitoring. Mol Ecol Resour 19:900–928. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13022. (PDF)

Morningstar D, Robinson C, Shokralla S, Hajibabaei M (2019) Interspecific competition in bats and diet shifts in response to white‐nose syndrome. Ecosphere 10. doi:10.1002/ecs2.2916. (PDF)

Mejia L, Rougerie R, Consortium A, Ratnasingham S (2019) WF.ACTIAS: A workflow for a better integration of biodiversity data from diverse sources. Biodivers Information Sci Stand 3:e37139. doi:10.3897/biss.3.37139. (PDF)

Naseem M, Ashfaq M, Khan A, Rasool A, Asif M, Hebert PDN (2019) BIN overlap confirms transcontinental distribution of pest aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Biorxiv:705889. doi:10.1101/705889. (PDF)

Pentinsaari M, Ratnasingham S, Miller S, Hebert PDN (2019) Forensics and DNA Barcodes – Do Identification Errors Arise in the Lab or in the Sequence Libraries? Biorxiv:738138. doi:10.1101/738138. (PDF)

Porter T, Morris D, Basiliko N, Hajibabaei M, Doucet D, Bowman S, Emilson E, Emilson C, Chartrand D, Wainio-Keizer K, Séguin A, Venier L (2019) Variations in terrestrial arthropod DNA metabarcoding methods recovers robust beta diversity but variable richness and site indicators based on exact sequence variants. Sci Rep-uk 9:18218. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54532-0. (PDF)

Quicke DLJAustin ADFagan‐Jeffries EPHebert PDNButcher BA (2019) Molecular phylogeny places the enigmatic subfamily Masoninae within the Ichneumonidae, not the BraconidaeZool Scr. 001– 8. (PDF)

Ratnasingham S (2019) mBRAVE: The Multiplex Barcode Research And Visualization Environment. Biodivers Information Sci Stand 3:e37986. doi:10.3897/biss.3.37986. (PDF)

Schmid‐Egger C, Straka J, Ljubomirov T, Blagoev G, Morinière J, Schmidt S (2019) DNA barcodes identify 99 per cent of apoid wasp species (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae) from the Western Palearctic. Mol Ecol Resour 19:476–484. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12963. (PDF)

Shehata H, Bourque D, Steinke D, Chen S, Hanner R (2018) Survey of mislabelling across finfish supply chain reveals mislabelling both outside and within Canada. Food Res Int 121:723–729. doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2018.12.047. (PDF)

Singer G, Fahner N, Barnes J, McCarthy A, Hajibabaei M (2019) Comprehensive biodiversity analysis via ultra-deep patterned flow cell technology: a case study of eDNA metabarcoding seawater. Sci Rep-uk 9:5991. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-42455-9. (PDF)

Tiusanen M, Huotari T, Hebert PDN, Andersson T, Asmus A, Bêty J, Davis E, Gale J, Hardwick B, Hik D, Körner C, Lanctot R, Loonen M, Partanen R, Reischke K, Saalfeld S, Senez‐Gagnon F, Smith P, Šulavík J, Syvänperä I, Urbanowicz C, Williams S, Woodard P, Zaika Y, Roslin T (2019) Flower‐visitor communities of an arcto‐alpine plant—Global patterns in species richness, phylogenetic diversity and ecological functioning. Mol Ecol 28:318–335. doi:10.1111/mec.14932. (PDF)

Valdez-Moreno M, Ivanova N, Elías-Gutiérrez M, Pedersen S, Bessonov K, Hebert PDN (2019) Using eDNA to biomonitor the fish community in a tropical oligotrophic lake. Plos One 14:e0215505. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0215505. (PDF)

Young M, Proctor H, deWaard J, Hebert P (2019) DNA barcodes expose unexpected diversity in Canadian mites. Mol Ecol. doi:10.1111/mec.15292. (PDF)

Zizka V, Elbrecht V, Macher J, Leese F (2019) Assessing the influence of sample tagging and library preparation on DNA metabarcoding. Mol Ecol Resour 19:893–899. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13018. (PDF)

2018 (31 Publications)

Ashfaq, M, JSM Sabir, HO El-Ansary, K Perez, V Levesque-Beaudin, AM Khan, A Rasool, C Gallant, J Addesi and PDN Hebert. 2018. Insect diversity in the Saharo-Arabian region: Revealing a little-studied fauna by DNA barcoding. PLOS ONE 13(7): e0199965. (PDF)

Christiansen, H, A Dettai, FM Heindler, MA Collins, G Duhamel, M Hautecoeur, D Steinke, FAM Volckaert and AP Van de Putte. 2018. Diversity of Mesopelagic Fishes in the Southern Ocean – A Phylogeographic Perspective Using DNA Barcoding. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6: 120. (PDF)

Clare, EL, AJ Fazekas, NV Ivanova, RM Floyd, PDN Hebert, AM Adams, J Nagel, R Girton, SG Newmaster and MB Fenton. 2018. Approaches to integrating genetic data into ecological networks. Molecular Ecology: doi:10.1111/mec.14941. (PDF)

D’Souza, ML and PDN Hebert. 2018. Stable baselines of temporal turnover underlie high beta diversity in tropical arthropod communities. Molecular Ecology 27(10): 2447-2460. (PDF)

deWaard, JR, V Levesque-Beaudin, SL deWaard, NV Ivanova, JTA McKeown, R Miskie, S Naik, KHJ Perez, S Ratnasingham, CN Sobel, JE Sones, C Steinke, AC Telfer, AD Young, MR Young, EV Zakharov and PDN Hebert. 2018. Expedited Assessment of Terrestrial Arthropod Diversity by Coupling Malaise Traps with DNA Barcoding. Genome: 10.1139/gen-2018-0093. (PDF)

Dincă, V, Z Bálint, R Vodă, L Dapporto, PDN Hebert and R Vila. 2018. Use of genetic, climatic, and microbiological data to inform reintroduction of a regionally extinct butterfly. Conservation Biology: doi:10.1111/cobi.13111. (PDF)

Elbrecht, V, EE Vamos, D Steinke and F Leese. 2018. Estimating intraspecific genetic diversity from community DNA metabarcoding data. PeerJ 6: e4644. (PDF)

Elbrecht, V and D Steinke. 2018. Scaling up DNA metabarcoding for freshwater macrozoobenthos monitoring. Freshwater Biology: 10.1111/fwb.13220. (PDF)

Elbrecht, V, PDN Hebert and D Steinke. 2018. Slippage of degenerate primers can cause variation in amplicon length. Scientific Reports 8(1): 10999. (PDF)

Elías-Gutiérrez, M, M Valdez-Moreno, J Topan, MR Young and JA Cohuo-Colli. 2018. Improved protocols to accelerate the assembly of DNA barcode reference libraries for freshwater zooplankton. Ecology and Evolution: 10.1002/ece3.3742. (PDF)

Hebert, PDN, TW Braukmann, SW Prosser, S Ratnasingham, JR deWaard, NV Ivanova, DH Janzen, W Hallwachs, S Naik, JE Sones and EV Zakharov. 2017. A Sequel to Sanger: Amplicon Sequencing That Scales. BMC Genomics 19(1): 219. (PDF)

Hu, G-L, Y Hua, PDN Hebert and B-Z Hua. 2018. Evolutionary history of the scorpionfly Dicerapanorpa magna (Mecoptera, Panorpidae). Zoologica Scripta: doi:10.1111/zsc.12326. (PDF)

Huemer, P, PDN Hebert, M Mutanen, C Wieser, B Wiesmair, A Hausmann, R Yakovlev, M Möst, B Gottsberger, P Strutzenberger and K Fiedler. 2018. Large geographic distance versus small DNA barcode divergence: Insights from a comparison of European to South Siberian Lepidoptera. PLOS ONE 13(11): e0206668. (PDF)

Lait, LA and PDN Hebert. 2018. Phylogeographic structure in three North American tent caterpillar species (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae): Malacosoma americana, M. californica, and M. disstria. PeerJ 6: e4479. (PDF)

Leese, F, A Bouchez, K Abarenkov, F Altermatt, Á Borja, K Bruce, T Ekrem, F Čiampor, Z Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, FO Costa, S Duarte, V Elbrecht, D Fontaneto, A Franc, MF Geiger, D Hering, M Kahlert, B Kalamujić Stroil, M Kelly, E Keskin, I Liska, P Mergen, K Meissner, J Pawlowski, L Penev, Y Reyjol, A Rotter, D Steinke, B van der Wal, S Vitecek, J Zimmermann and AM Weigand. 2018. Chapter Two – Why We Need Sustainable Networks Bridging Countries, Disciplines, Cultures and Generations for Aquatic Biomonitoring 2.0: A Perspective Derived From the DNAqua-Net COST Action. Advances in Ecological Research. D. A. Bohan, A. J. Dumbrell, G. Woodward and M. Jackson, Academic Press. 58: 63-99. (PDF)

Leon-Regagnon, V and J Topan. 2018. Taxonomic revision of species of Haematoloechus Looss, 1899 (Digenea: Plagiorchioidea), with molecular phylogenetic analysis and the description of three new species from Mexico. Zootaxa 4526(3): 52. (PDF)

Lopez-Vaamonde, C, L Sire, B Rasmussen, R Rougerie, C Wieser, A Ahamadi, J Minet, JR deWaard, T Decaëns and DC Lees. 2018. DNA barcodes reveal deeply neglected diversity and numerous invasions of micromoths in Madagascar. Genome: 10.1139/gen-2018-0065. (PDF)

Majaneva, M, OH Diserud, SHC Eagle, M Hajibabaei and T Ekrem. 2018. Choice of DNA extraction method affects DNA metabarcoding of unsorted invertebrate bulk samples. Metabarcoding and Metagenomics 2: e26664. (PDF)

Majaneva, M, OH Diserud, SHC Eagle, E Boström, M Hajibabaei and T Ekrem. 2018. Environmental DNA filtration techniques affect recovered biodiversity. Scientific Reports 8(1): 4682. (PDF)

Merlo, EM, KA Milligan, NB Sheets, CJ Neufeld, TM Eastham, ALKa Estores-Pacheco, D Steinke, PDN Hebert, Á Valdés and RC Wyeth. 2018. Range extension for the region of sympatry between the nudibranchs Hermissenda opalescens and Hermissenda crassicornis in the northeastern Pacific. FACETS 3(1): 764-776. (PDF)

Pohl, GR, J-F Landry, BC Schmidt, JD Lafontaine, AD Macaulay, EJ van Nieukerken, JR deWaard, JJ Dombroskie, JJ Klymko, V Nazari and K Stead. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Series Faunistica 118: 580. (PDF)

Porter, TM and M Hajibabaei. 2018. Automated high throughput animal CO1 metabarcode classification. Scientific Reports 8(1): 4226. (PDF)

Porter, TM and M Hajibabaei. 2018. Scaling up: A guide to high‐throughput genomic approaches for biodiversity analysis. Molecular Ecology 27(2): 313-338. (PDF)

Quicke, DLJ, PDN Hebert and BA Butcher. 2018. DNA barcoding reveals the Palaearctic species Histeromerus mystacinus (Hymenoptera:Braconidae: Rhyssalinae) in eastern North America. The Canadian Entomologist: 1-4. (PDF)

Quicke, DLJ, F Koch, GR Broad, AMR Bennett, S van Noort, PDN Hebert and BA Butcher. 2018. A new species of Rhytimorpha Szepligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) from Israel. Zoology in the Middle East: 1-9. (PDF)

Schmid-Egger, C, J Straka, T Ljubomirov, GA Blagoev, J Morinière and S Schmidt. 2018. DNA barcodes identify 99 per cent of apoid wasp species (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae) from the Western Palearctic. Molecular Ecology Resources:10.1111/1755-0998.12963. (PDF)

Schneider, AC, T Braukmann, A Banerjee and S Stefanović. 2018. Convergent plastome evolution and gene loss in holoparasitic Lennoaceae (Boraginales). Genome Biology and Evolution: 10.1093/gbe/evy190. (PDF)

Smith, MA, DR Smith and JR deWaard. 2018. First report of the Palearctic sawfly Pristiphora subbifida (Thomson 1871) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in Canada. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 149: 15–19. (PDF)

Theissinger, K, A Kästel, V Elbrecht, J Makkonen, S Michiels, SI Schmidt, S Allgeier, F Leese and CA Brühl. 2018. Using DNA metabarcoding for assessing chironomid diversity and community change in mosquito controlled temporary wetlands. Metabarcoding and Metagenomics 2: e21060. (PDF)

Tiusanen, M, T Huotari, PDN Hebert, T Andersson, A Asmus, J Bêty, E Davis, J Gale, B Hardwick, D Hik, C Körner, RB Lanctot, MJJE Loonen, R Partanen, K Reischke, ST Saalfeld, F Senez-Gagnon, PA Smith, J Šulavík, I Syvänperä, C Urbanowicz, S Williams, P Woodard, Y Zaika and T Roslin. 2018. Flower-visitor communities of an arcto-alpine plant—Global patterns in species richness, phylogenetic diversity and ecological functioning. Molecular Ecology: 10.1111/mec.14932. (PDF)

Valdez-Moreno, M, NV Ivanova, M Elias-Gutierrez, SL Pedersen, K Bessonov and PDN Hebert. 2018. Using eDNA to biomonitor the fish community in a tropical oligotrophic lake. bioRxiv: 10.1101/375089. (PDF)

2017 (26 Publications)

Ashfaq, M, S Akhtar, MA Rafi, S Mansoor and PDN Hebert.  2017. Mapping global biodiversity connections with DNA barcodes: Lepidoptera of Pakistan. PLOS ONE 12(3): e0174749. (PDF)

Avin, FA, B Subha, Y-S Tan, TWA Braukmann, S Vikineswary and PDN Hebert. 2017. Escaping introns in COI through cDNA barcoding of mushrooms: Pleurotus as a test case. Ecology and Evolution: 1–9. (PDF)

Braukmann, TWA, ML Kuzmina, J Sills, EV Zakharov and PDN Hebert.  2017. Testing the Efficacy of DNA Barcodes for Identifying the Vascular Plants of Canada. PLOS ONE 12(1): e0169515.(PDF)

Cariani, A, S Messinetti, A Ferrari, M Arculeo, JJ Bonello, L Bonnici, R Cannas, P Carbonara, A Cau, C Charilaou, N El Ouamari, F Fiorentino, MC Follesa, G Garofalo, D Golani, I Guarniero, R Hanner, F Hemida, O Kada, S Lo Brutto, C Mancusi, G Morey, PJ Schembri, F Serena, L Sion, M Stagioni, A Tursi, N Vrgoc, D Steinke and F Tinti.  2017. Improving the Conservation of Mediterranean Chondrichthyans: The ELASMOMED DNA Barcode Reference Library. PLOS ONE 12(1): e0170244. (PDF)

deWaard, JR, V Levesque-Beaudin, SL deWaard, NV Ivanova, JTA McKeown, R Miskie, S Naik, K Perez, S Ratnasingham, CN Sobel, JE Sones, C Steinke, AC Telfer, AD Young, MR Young, EV Zakharov and PDN Hebert. 2017. Expedited Assessment of Terrestrial Arthropod Diversity by Coupling Malaise Traps with DNA Barcoding. bioRxiv: 10.1101/192732. (PDF)

Elansary, H. O., M Ashfaq, HM Ali and K Yessoufou. 2017. The first initiative of DNA barcoding of ornamental plants from Egypt and potential applications in horticulture industry. PLOS ONE 12(2): e0172170. (PDF)

Elbrecht, V, EE Vamos, D Steinke and F Leese. 2017. Assessing intraspecific genetic diversity from community DNA metabarcoding data. PeerJ Preprints 5: e3269v1. (PDF)

Emilson, CE, DG Thompson, LA Venier, TM Porter, T Swystun, D Chartrand, S Capell and M Hajibabaei.  2017. DNA metabarcoding and morphological macroinvertebrate metrics reveal the same changes in boreal watersheds across an environmental gradient. Scientific Reports 7(1): 12777. (PDF)

Hernandez-Triana, LM, VA Brugman, SWJ Prosser, C Weland, N Nikolova, L Thorne, MF Marco, AR Fooks and N Johnson. 2017. Molecular approaches for blood meal analysis and species identification of mosquitoes (Insecta: Diptera: Culicidae) in rural locations in southern England, United Kingdom. Zootaxa 4250(1): 67-76. (PDF)

Hollingsworth, PM, M Watson, DH Janzen, W Hallwachs, S Miller and PDN Hebert. 2017. Taxonomy: avoid extra bureaucracy. Nature 546: 600. (PDF)

Janzen, DH, JM Burns, Q Cong, W Hallwachs, T Dapkey, R Manjunath, M Hajibabaei, PDN Hebert and NV Grishin. 2017. Nuclear genomes distinguish cryptic species suggested by their DNA barcodes and ecology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 10.1073/pnas.1621504114. (PDF)

Kuzmina, ML, TWA Braukmann, AJ Fazekas, SW Graham, SL Dewaard, A Rodrigues, BA Bennett, TA Dickinson, JM Saarela, PM Catling, SG Newmaster, DM Percy, E Fenneman, A Lauron-Moreau, B Ford, L Gillespie, R Subramanyam, J Whitton, L Jennings, D Metsger, CP Warne, A Brown, E Sears, JR Dewaard, EV Zakharov and PDN Hebert. 2017. Using Herbarium-Derived DNAs to Assemble a Large-Scale DNA Barcode Library for the Vascular Plants of Canada. Applications in Plant Sciences 5(12): 1700079. (PDF)

Lavinia, PD, EO Núñez Bustos, C Kopuchian, DA Lijtmaer, NC García, PDN Hebert and PL Tubaro. 2017. Barcoding the butterflies of southern South America: Species delimitation efficacy, cryptic diversity and geographic patterns of divergence. PLOS ONE 12(10): e0186845. (PDF)

Moriniere, J, L Hendrich, M Balke, AJ Beermann, T Konig, M Hess, S Koch, R Muller, F Leese, PDN Hebert, A Hausmann, CD Schubart and G Haszprunar.  2017. A DNA barcode library for Germany’s mayflies, stoneflies and caddisflies (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera). Mol Ecol Resour 17(6): 1293-1307. (PDF)

Neumann, D, AV Borisenko, JA Coddington, CL Häuser, CR Butler, A Casino, JC Vogel, G Haszprunar and P Giere. 2017. Global biodiversity research tied up by juridical interpretations of access and benefit sharing. Organisms Diversity & Evolution. (PDF)

Ortiz, AS, RM Rubio, JJ Guerrero, MJ Garre, J Serrano, PDN Hebert and A Hausmann. 2017. Close congruence between Barcode Index Numbers (bins) and species boundaries in the Erebidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea) of the Iberian Peninsula. Biodiversity Data Journal. 5: e19840. (PDF)

Page, TA, D Steinke. 2017. No homology means no analyses; a comment on Jose & Harikrishnan. Mitochondrial DNA Part A 29(2): 220–221. (PDF)

Prosser SWJ and PDN Hebert. 2017. Rapid identification of the botanical and entomological sources of honey using DNA metabarcoding. Food Chemistry 214: 183-191. (PDF)

Ren, J-M, M Ashfaq, X-N Hu, J Ma, F Liang, PDN Hebert, L Lin, JF Germain and MZ Ahmed.  2017. Barcode index numbers expedite quarantine inspections and aid the interception of nonindigenous mealybugs (Pseudococcidae). Biological Invasions. (PDF)

Scott, JD, JE Foley, MR Young and LA Durden.  2017. First report of a blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say (Acari: Ixodidae), parasitizing a raptor in Canada. Systematic & Applied Acarology 22(2): 208–216. (PDF)

Steinke, D, AM Bernard, RL Horn, P Hilton, R Hanner and MS Shivji. 2017. DNA analysis of traded shark fins and mobulid gill plates reveals a high proportion of species of conservation concern. Scientific Reports 7(1): 9505. (PDF)

Steinke, D, J deWaard, M Gomon, J Johnson, H Larson, O Lucanus, G Moore, S Reader and R Ward.  2017. DNA barcoding the fishes of Lizard Island (Great Barrier Reef). Biodiversity Data Journal 5: e12409. (PDF)

Steinke, D, V Breton, E Berzitis and PDN Hebert.  2017. The School Malaise Trap Program: Coupling educational outreach with scientific discovery. PLOS Biology 15(4): e2001829. (PDF)

Todisco, V, V Nazari and PDN Hebert.  2017. Preliminary molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the monobasic subfamily Calinaginae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 93(2): 255-264. (PDF)

Vamosi, JC, Y-B Gong, SJ Adamowicz and L Packer.  2017. Forecasting pollination declines through DNA barcoding: the potential contributions of macroecological and macroevolutionary scales of inquiry. New Phytologist 214(1): 11-18. (PDF)

Young, RG, CL Abbott, TW Therriault and SJ Adamowicz.  2017. Barcode-based species delimitation in the marine realm: a test using Hexanauplia (Multicrustacea: Thecostraca and Copepoda). Genome 60(2): 169-182. (PDF)

Zahiri, R, JD Lafontaine, BC Schmidt, JR deWaard, EV Zakharov and PDN Hebert. 2017. Probing planetary biodiversity with DNA barcodes: The Noctuoidea of North America. PLOS ONE 12(6): e0178548. (PDF)

2016 (59 Publications)

Aagaard K, K Berggren, PDN Hebert, J Sones, B McClenaghan and T Ekrem. 2016. Investigating suburban micromoth diversity using DNA barcoding of malaise trap samples. Urban Ecosystems (Online Early). (PDF)

Adamowicz SJ, FJJ Chain, EL Clare, K Deiner, V Dincă, M Elías-Gutiérrez, A Hausmann, ID Hogg, M Kekkonen, DA Lijtmaer, A Naaum, D Steinke, M Valdez-Moreno, M Van der Bank, J-J Wilson and J Xu. 2016. From Barcodes to Biomes: Special Issues from the 6th International Barcode of Life Conference. Genome 59: v-ix. (PDF)

Ashfaq M and PDN Hebert. 2016. DNA barcodes for bio-surveillance: regulated and economically important arthropod plant pests. Genome 59(11): 933-945. (PDF)

Bennett KR, ID Hogg, BJ Adams and PDN Hebert. 2016. High levels of intraspecific genetic divergences revealed for Antarctic springtails: evidence for small-scale isolation during Pleistocene glaciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119: 166-178. (PDF)

Blagoev GA, JR deWaard, S Ratnasingham, SL deWaard, L Lu, J Robertson, AC Telfer and PDN Hebert. 2016. Untangling taxonomy: a DNA barcode reference library for Canadian spiders. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 325-341. (PDF)

Bréchon AL, R Hanner, S Mariani. 2016. A systematic analysis across North Atlantic countries unveils subtleties in cod product labelling. Marine Policy 69: 124-133. (PDF)

Brehm G, PDN Hebert, RK Colwell, M-O Adams, F Bodner, K Friedemann, L Möckel and K Fiedler. 2016. Turning up the heat on a hotspot: DNA barcodes reveal 80% more species of geometrid moths along an Andean elevational gradient. PLoS ONE 11: e0150327. (PDF)

Bringloe TT, SJ Adamowicz, VFI Harvey, JK Jackson and K Cottenie. 2016. Detecting signatures of competition from observational data: a combined approach using DNA barcoding, diversity partitioning and checkerboards at small spatial scales. Freshwater Biology 61: 646-657. (PDF)

Chambers EA and PDN Hebert. 2016. Assessing DNA barcodes for species identification in North American reptiles and amphibians in natural history collections. PLoS ONE 11: e0154363. (PDF)

Dahruddin H, A Hutama, F Busson, S Sauri, R Hanner, P Keith, R Hadiaty and N Hubert. 2016. Revisiting the ichthyodiversity of Java and Bali through DNA barcodes: taxonomic coverage, identification accuracy, cryptic diversity and identification of exotic species. Molecular Ecology Resources (Online Early). (PDF)

Fahner NA, S Shokralla, DJ Baird and M Hajibabaei. 2016. Large-scale monitoring of plants through environmental DNA metabarcoding of soil: Recovery, resolution, and annotation of four DNA markers. PLoS ONE 11: e0157505. (PDF)

Fernández de Marco M, VA Brugman, LM Hernández-Triana, L Thorne, LP Phipps, NI Nikolova, AR Fooks and N Johnson. 2016. Detection of Theileria orientalis in mosquito blood meals in the United Kingdom. Veterinary Parasitology 229:31-36. (PDF)

Fet V, MR Graham, G Blagoev, A Karataş and A Karataş. 2016. DNA barcoding indicates hidden diversity of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in Turkey. Euscorpius — Occasional Publications in Scorpiology 216: 1-12. (PDF)

Geiger MF,  J Moriniere, A Hausmann, G Haszprunar, W Wägele, PDN Hebert, and B Rulik. 2016.  Testing the Global Malaise Trap Program – How well does the current barcode reference library identify flying insects in Germany? Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e10671. (PDF)

Hajibabaei M, DJ Baird, NA Fahner, R Beiko and GB Golding. 2016. A new way to contemplate Darwin’s tangled bank: how DNA barcodes are reconnecting biodiversity science and biomonitoring. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371: 20150330. (PDF)

Hausmann A, SE Miller, JD Holloway, JR deWaard, D Pollock, SWJ Prosser and PDN Hebert. 2016. Calibrating the taxonomy of a megadiverse insect family: 3000 DNA barcodes from geometrid type specimens (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). Genome 59: 671-684. (PDF)

Hebert PDN, PM Hollingsworth and M Hajibabaei. 2016. From writing to reading the encyclopedia of life. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371: 20150321. (PDF)

Hebert PDN, S Ratnasingham, EV Zakharov, AC Telfer, V Levesque-Beaudin, MA Milton, S Pedersen, P Jannetta and JR deWaard. 2016. Counting animal species with DNA barcodes: Canadian insects. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371: 20150333. (PDF)

Henter HJ, R Imondi, K James, D Spencer and D Steinke. 2016. DNA barcoding in diverse educational settings: five case studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371: 20150340. (PDF)

Hernández-Roldán JL, L Dapporto, V Dincă, JC Vicente, E Hornett, J Šíchová, VA Lukhtanov, G Talavera, and R Vila. 2016. Integrative analyses unveil speciation linked to host plant shift in Spialia butterflies. Molecular Ecology 25(17): 4267-84. (PDF)

Hernandez-Triana LM, F Montes De Oca, SWJ Prosser, PDN Hebert , R Gregory and S McMurtrie. 2016 DNA barcoding as an aid for species identification in Austral black flies (Insecta: Diptera: Simuliidae). Genome (Online Early). (PDF)

Huemer P and PDN Hebert. 2016. DNA Barcode Bibliothek der Schmetterlinge Südtirols und Tirols (Italien, Österreich) – Impetus für integrative Artdifferenzierung im 21. Jahrhundert. Gredleriana 16: 141-164. (PDF)

Iftikhar R, M Ashfaq, A Rasool and PDN Hebert. 2016. DNA barcode analysis of thrips (Thysanoptera) diversity in Pakistan reveals cryptic species complexes. PLoS ONE 11: e0146014. (PDF)

Iftikhar R, I Ullah, S Diffie and M Ashfaq. 2016. Deciphering Thysanoptera: A comprehensive study on the distribution and diversity of thrips fauna in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 48: 1233-1240. (PDF)

Ivanova NV, ML Kuzmina, TWA Braukmann, AV Borisenko and EV Zakharov. 2016. Authentication of herbal supplements using Next-Generation Sequencing. PLoS ONE 11: e0156426. (PDF)

Lamarre GPA, T Decaëns, R Rougerie, J Barbut, JR deWaard, PDN Hebert, D Herbin, M Laguerre, P Thiaucourt and M Martins Bonifacio. 2016. An integrative taxonomy approach unveils unknown and threatened moth species in Amazonian rainforest fragments. Insect Conservation and Diversity 9: 475-479. (PDF)

Lavinia PD, KCR Kerr, PL Tubaro, PDN Hebert and DA Lijtmaer. 2016. Calibrating the molecular clock beyond cytochrome b: assessing the evolutionary rate of COI in birds. Journal of Avian Biology 47: 84-91. (PDF)

Layton KKS, EA Corstorphine and PDN Hebert. 2016. Exploring Canadian Echinoderm Diversity through DNA Barcodes. PLOS ONE 11(11): e0166118. (PDF)

Layton KKS, AL Martel and PDN Hebert. 2016. Geographic patterns of genetic diversity in two species complexes of Canadian marine bivalves. Journal of Molluscan Studies 82: 282-291. (PDF)

Leese F, F Altermatt, A Bouchez, T Ekrem, D Hering, K Meissner, P Mergen, J Pawlowski, JJ Piggott, F Rimet, D Steinke et al. 2016. DNAqua-Net: Developing new genetic tools for bioassessment and monitoring of aquatic ecosystems in Europe. Research Ideas and Outcomes 2: e11321. (PDF)

Lewis LA, DE Richardson, EV Zakharov and R Hanner. 2016. Integrating DNA barcoding of fish eggs into ichthyoplankton monitoring programs. Fishery Bulletin 114: 153-165. (PDF)

Lukhtanov VA , A Sourakov and EV Zakharov. 2016. DNA barcodes as a tool in biodiversity research: testing pre-existing taxonomic hypotheses in Delphic Apollo butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 14: 599-613. (PDF)

Ma E, S Ratnasingham, S Kremer. 2016. Machine Learned Replacement of N-Labels for Basecalled Sequences in DNA Barcoding. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. (PDF)

Martin GK, SJ Adamowicz and K Cottenie. 2016. Taxonomic resolution based on DNA barcoding affects environmental signal in metacommunity structure. Freshwater Science 35: 701-711. (PDF)

Mecklenburg CW, TA Mecklenburg, BA Sheiko and D Steinke. 2016. Pacific Arctic marine fishes. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri, Iceland. (Link)

Mitterboeck, TF, AY Chen, OA Zaheer, EYT Ma and SJ Adamowicz.  2016. Do saline taxa evolve faster? Comparing relative rates of molecular evolution between freshwater and marine eukaryotes. Evolution 70(9): 1960-1978. (PDF)

Mitterboeck, TF, J Fu, and SJ Adamowicz. 2016. Rates and patterns of molecular evolution in freshwater versus terrestrial insects. Genome, 59(11): 968-980. (PDF)

Mutanen M, SM Kivelä, RA Vos, C Doorenweerd, S Ratnasingham, A Hausmann, P Huemer, V Dincă, EJ van Nieukerken, C Lopez-Vaamonde, R Vila, L Aarvik, T Decaëns, KA Efetov, PDN Hebert, A Johnsen, O Karsholt, M Pentinsaari, R Rougerie, A Segerer, G Tarmann, R Zahiri and HCJ Godfray. 2016. Species-level para- and polyphyly in DNA barcode gene trees: Strong operational bias in European Lepidoptera. Systematic Biology (Online Early). (PDF)

Nadolny AA, MM Omelko, YM Marusik and G Blagoev. 2016. A new species of spider belonging to the Pardosa lugubris-group (Araneae: Lycosidae) from Far East Asia. Zootaxa 4072: 263-281. (PDF)

Nazari V, BC Schmidt, S Prosser and PDN Hebert. 2016. Century-Old DNA Barcodes Reveal Phylogenetic Placement of the Extinct Jamaican Sunset Moth, Urania sloanus Cramer (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae). PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164405. (PDF)

Overdyk LM, HE Braid, AM Naaum, SS Crawford, RH Hanner. 2016. Real-time PCR identification of lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of Fish Biology 88: 1460-1474. (PDF)

Porter TM, S Shokralla, D Baird, GB Golding and M Hajibabaei. 2016. Ribosomal DNA and plastid markers used to sample fungal and plant communities from wetland soils reveals complementary biotas. PLoS ONE 11: e0142759. (PDF)

Prosser SWJ, JR deWaard, SE Miller and PDN Hebert. 2016. DNA barcodes from century-old type specimens using next-generation sequencing. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 487-497. (PDF)

Römbke J, M Aira, T Backeljau, K Breugelmans, J Domínguez, E Funke, N Graf, M Hajibabaei, M Pérez-Losada, PG Porto, RM Schmelz, J Vierna, A Vizcaíno and M Pfenninger. 2016. DNA barcoding of earthworms (Eisenia fetida/andrei complex) from 28 ecotoxicological test laboratories. Applied Soil Ecology 104: 3-11. (PDF)

Smith MA, A Boyd, T Bringloe, C Britton-Foster, H Cahill, K Desnoyers, N Duitshaever, D Gibson, S James, Y Jeong, D Kelly, E Levene, H Lyttle, T Masse, K Pare, K Paris, C Russell, E Scott, D Silva, M Sparkes, K Valkova and SJ Adamowicz. 2016. The northward distribution of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) 40 years later: revisiting Robert E. Gregg’s 1969 Subarctic collection sites in Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 148: 307-315. (PDF)

Steinke D, AD Connell and PDN Hebert. 2016. Linking adults and immatures of South African marine fishes.  Genome 59(11):959–967. (PDF)

Steinke D, SWJ Prosser and PDN Hebert. 2016. DNA barcoding of marine metazoans. In: Methods in Molecular Biology Series Vol. 1452: Marine Genomics, pp. 155-168. Ed. S. J. Bourlat, Springer.

Strohm JHT, RA Gwiazdowski and R Hanner. 2016. Mitogenome metadata: current trends and proposed standards. Mitochondrial DNA 27: 3263-3269. (PDF)

Tahir HM, S Naseem, S Akhtar, M Ashfaq, A Butt and MK Mukhtar. 2016. DNA barcode record of some common spiders from Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 48: 159-164. (PDF)

Thomas VG, RH Hanner and AV Borisenko. 2016. DNA-based identification of invasive alien species in relation to Canadian federal policy and law, and the basis of rapid-response management. Genome 59(11): 1023-1031. (PDF)

Tiusanen M, PDN Hebert, NM Schmidt and T Roslin. 2016. One fly to rule them all—muscid flies are the key pollinators in the Arctic. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 283(1839). (PDF)

Vamosi JC, Y-B Gong, SJ Adamowicz and L Packer. 2016.  Forecasting pollination declines through DNA barcoding: the potential contributions of macroecological and macroevolutionary scales of inquiry. New Phytologist (Online Early). (PDF)

Vodă R, L Dapporto, V Dincă, TG Shreeve, M Khaldi, G Barech, K Rebbas, P Sammut, S Scalercio, PDN Hebert and R Vila. 2016. Historical and contemporary factors generate unique butterfly communities on islands. Scientific Reports 6: 28828. (PDF)

Wildish DJ, SR Smith, T Loeza-Quintana, AE Radulovici and SJ Adamowicz. 2016. Diversity and dispersal history of the talitrids (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Talitridae) of Bermuda. Journal of Natural History 50: 1911-1933. (PDF)

Wirta H, G Várkonyi, C Rasmussen, R Kaartinen, NM Schmidt, PDN Hebert, M Barták, G Blagoev, H Disney, S Ertl, P Gjelstrup, DJ Gwiazdowicz, L Huldén, J Ilmonen, J Jakovlev, M Jaschhof, J Kahanpää, T Kankaanpää, PH Krogh, R Labbee, C Lettner, V Michelsen, SA Nielsen, TR Nielsen, L Paasivirta, S Pedersen, J Pohjoismäki, J Salmela, P Vilkamaa, H Väre, M von Tschirnhaus and T Roslin. 2016. Establishing a community-wide DNA barcode library as a new tool for arctic research. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 809-822. (PDF)

Xavier JC, S Ferreira, S Tavares, N Santos, CL Mieiro, PN Trathan, S Lourenço, F Martinho, D Steinke, J Seco, E Pereira, M Pardal and Y Cherel. 2016. The significance of cephalopod beaks in marine ecology studies: Can we use beaks for DNA analyses and mercury contamination assessment? Marine Pollution Bulletin 103: 220-226. (PDF)

Yang Z, J-F Landry and PDN Hebert. 2016. A DNA Barcode Library for North American Pyraustinae (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae). PLOS ONE 11(10):e0161449. (PDF)

Zhou X, PB Frandsen, RW Holzenthal, CR Beet, KR Bennett, RJ Blahnik, N Bonada, D Cartwright, S Chuluunbat, GV Cocks, GE Collins, J deWaard, J Dean, OS Flint, A Hausmann, L Hendrich, M Hess, ID Hogg, BC Kondratieff, H Malicky, MA Milton, J Morinière, JC Morse, FN Mwangi, SU Pauls, MR Gonzalez, A Rinne, JL Robinson, J Salokannel, M Shackleton, B Smith, A Stamatakis, R StClair, JA Thomas, C Zamora-Muñoz, T Ziesmann and KM Kjer. 2016. The Trichoptera barcode initiative: a strategy for generating a species-level Tree of Life. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371: 20160025. (PDF)


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